Travel health and vaccinations

If you're planning to travel outside the UK, your travel health needs will depend on your individual situation. This includes:

  • your destination
  • how long you'll stay
  • what you’ll be doing
  • your general health

The fitfortravel website provides country-specific advice on:

  • recommended vaccines
  • malaria
  • other travel health risks

Travel health risk assessment

If you think you require vaccines and/or a malaria risk assessment, you should make an appointment with a travel health professional.

A travel health risk assessment is also recommended for some people, even when vaccines or malaria tablets aren't required. This includes:

  • older people
  • those with a weakened immune system
  • those with long-term conditions that need medications
  • pregnant women
  • children

To make an appointment for a travel health risk assessment in Scotland, contact the NHS health board where you live. 

Alternatively, you can visit a private clinic for:

  • a travel health risk assessment
  • advice
  • other travel vaccines

You should arrange a travel health risk assessment 6 to 8 weeks before you travel. This gives time for any vaccines you might need to become fully effective.

If your trip is sooner, remember it's never too late to get advice.

Preventing risk whilst travelling

Vaccines or anti-malarial tablets will not protect against all travel health risks. This means you'll need to take extra measures to protect your health whilst travelling abroad.

Further advice on preventing health risks whilst travelling is available on the fitfortravel website. This includes advice on:

Travel vaccines

The following travel vaccines are free on the NHS in Scotland:

  • diphtheria, polio and tetanus (combined booster)
  • hepatitis A
  • typhoid
  • cholera

It’s likely that you’ll have to pay for vaccines against:

  • yellow fever
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • tick-borne encephalitis
  • rabies

Additionally, you might have to pay for the following vaccines if they're only required for travel purposes:

  • hepatitis B
  • meningitis
  • tuberculosis (TB)

Coronavirus (COVID 19)

Before booking any travel, check the entry requirements for the country you’re going to. You can find this information on the UK government website.

Before travelling, you must consider that:

  • some countries may refuse entry to UK travellers if levels of coronavirus (COVID-19) are high in the UK
  • the UK Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) may advise against travelling to a country with high levels of coronavirus

Information on travelling abroad during the coronavirus pandemic is available on the fitfortravel website.

Further information about:

Proof of vaccination

To travel to some countries you must have proof of particular vaccinations. This includes the:

Yellow fever vaccines are only available from designated centres.

Travelling abroad to visit friends and relatives

If you're travelling abroad to visit friends or relatives, you may be at higher risk of developing travel-related illnesses like typhoid or malaria. This could be because:

  • you may be living with the local community
  • your trip might be longer than the average holiday
  • you might be visiting more rural areas where it's difficult to take precautions that reduce your risk

The fitfortravel website provides information and advice on visiting friends and family abroad.

Travel safety advice

You can find country-specific safety and security advice through the UK government website.

When you return home

If you become unwell and/or develop a fever when you return home, it’s important to get medical advice as soon as possible. You should seek medical help even if it’s up to 1 month after you’ve been travelling.

Always make sure you tell the health professional that you've recently travelled abroad. This is especially important if you have been to a country where malaria is a risk.

Last updated:
11 August 2022