The meningitis ACWY (MenACWY) vaccine helps protect against meningitis and septicaemia (blood poisoning) caused by 4 groups of meningococcal bacteria A, C, W and Y.
The MenACWY vaccine's routinely offered to all young people who are in S3 (around 14 years of age) at school. Young people who are in S4-S6 and missed the opportunity to get immunised last year may also get the vaccine at school this year.
The MenACWY vaccine's replaced the MenC vaccine that was previously used in the routine teenage immunisation programme in S3.
What causes meningitis and septicaemia?
Meningococcal bacteria are significant causes of meningitis and septicaemia. There are 5 main groups of meningococcal bacteria that can cause meningitis and septicaemia – A, B, C, W and Y.
Meningococcal bacteria live in the throats of about 25% of young people without causing any problems at all. The bacteria can spread to other people through coughing, sneezing or kissing. The MenACWY programme's targeting young people because of the higher risk of the bacteria spreading among young people of the same age.
Meningitis is inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord. This causes pressure on the brain resulting in symptoms like:
- severe headache
- stiff neck
- dislike of bright light
Meningitis can progress very rapidly and can lead to:
- learning difficulties
It can even lead to death.
More about meningitis
What's septicaemia (blood poisoning)?
Septicaemia (blood poisoning) is a serious, life-threatening infection that gets worse very quickly and the risk of death is higher compared with meningitis.
The signs of cold hands and feet, pale skin, vomiting and being very sleepy or difficult to wake can come on quickly.
More about meningitis and septicaemia
Who's eligible for the vaccine?
Since 2009, there's been a year-on-year increase in the number of cases of meningococcal W (MenW) infection in the UK. You're more at risk of getting meningitis and septicaemia from MenW as a teenager or young adult.
The MenACWY vaccine's offered to all young people in S3 at school. Young people in S4-S6 who missed the opportunity to get immunised may get the vaccine at school this year.