If other treatments have been unsuitable or unsuccessful in treating your incontinence, your doctor may discuss surgery with you.
It's ok to ask any questions about your care to help you get the information you might need.
Surgery for stress incontinence: urethral bulking agents
A urethral bulking agent is a substance that can be injected into the walls of the urethra. This increases the size of the urethral walls and allows the urethra to stay closed, preventing unwanted leakage.
A variety of different bulking agents are available. This a less invasive treatment as it doesn’t usually require any cuts. Instead, the injections are usually given through a cystoscope (thin viewing tube) directly into the urethra.
Surgery for urge incontinence: sacral nerve stimulation
The sacral nerves are located at the bottom of your back. They carry signals from your brain to some of the muscles you use when going to the toilet, such as the detrusor muscle that surrounds the bladder.
If your incontinence is the result of your detrusor muscle contracting too often, sacral nerve stimulation may be recommended to help stop this from happening.