Adjusting to life with a heart condition

Living with a heart condition can mean coming to terms with what’s happened and how different aspects of your life may be affected.

For how to maintain a healthy lifestyle, see reducing the risks to your heart.

Coping after a diagnosis of heart disease

You may experience various types of emotional distress or behavioural disturbance. Problems such as depression and anxiety are especially common. These conditions not only affect your emotional state but can also impact on your symptoms of heart disease.

Fortunately, there are effective treatments for depression and anxiety available, including psychological interventions such as cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and antidepressant medication. 

Addressing these problems will make it easier to follow your heart disease treatment plan. Your healthcare professional (including your GP or cardiac rehabilitation nurse) will be able to help assess any concerns you have regarding your psychological wellbeing.

For more information regarding the types of treatment options for stress, see:

  • Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland - for information on stress and anxiety
  • Breathing Space - free, confidential phone and web-based service for people in Scotland experiencing low mood, depression or anxiety
  • Our mental wellbeing information - for high-quality, trustworthy information on different aspects of mental health and wellbeing

Living with heart failure (

Watch Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland's video on living with heart failure

Recovering from a heart attack (

Watch Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland's video on recovering from a heart attack

Cardiac rehabilitation

Many hospitals have a cardiac rehabilitation programme, run by cardiac rehabilitation nurses and physiotherapists, which will help you regain your fitness and confidence as well as providing you with information and advice after a heart attack, heart surgery or other heart procedure.

Joining a cardiac rehabiltation programme (

Watch this video from the British Heart Foundation on cardiac rehabilitation

A member of the cardiac rehabilitation team may visit you in hospital and give you information about your condition, the treatment you’ve had and your recovery.

You should also be invited to join a cardiac rehabilitation programme starting about four to eight weeks after you leave hospital.

You should be offered rehabilitation if you’ve had:

  • a heart attack
  • a coronary angioplasty
  • open heart surgery
  • angina or heart failure (for some people)
  • an ICD implanted (for some people)

Some programmes take place in a hospital or community setting. These sessions will give you and your family the information, support and advice you need to get back to everyday life as well as possible.

Cardiac rehabilitation helps you:

  • understand your condition
  • recover from your procedure, surgery or heart attack
  • make changes to your lifestyle to protect your heart
  • reduce the risk of further problems

You can find out where your nearest cardiac rehabilitation programme is by visiting Cardiac Rehabilitation or by phoning the British Heart Foundation Heart Helpline on 0300 330 3311.

Read Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland’s What happens in the first few days after a heart attack.

Read more from British Heart Foundation

Continuing to manage your heart condition

Depending on your heart condition and individual circumstances, ongoing follow up and review will vary. You may see a cardiologist regularly and this may become less often as time goes by, or you may see different health professionals, including your GP.

It’s very important to continue to attend any appointments - these are a very useful way of keeping an eye on how you are, your overall health and your heart condition.

Routine assessments

You’ll be asked general health questions, have your pulse and blood pressure readings taken, and your weight (and sometimes waist) measured. You’ll also be asked about your lifestyle, symptoms, and mental health and wellbeing. Usually, you’ll have annual blood tests taken, and this may be more frequent, especially after initial drug treatments.

This is a good time for you to ask any questions.

Read Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland’s guide to visiting the doctor

Hospital assessments

Hospital assessments will be booked as required. You may be asked to have an ECG (electrocardiogram) taken and sometimes additional assessments made in more specialised situations.

Having an ECG (electrocardiogram) (

Watch this British Heart Foundation video on having an ECG


You may have been prescribed medications for a heart condition. This can be challenging for some people, especially if you have never had to take medications before. There are many types of medications that may be prescribed. Although these can seem similar, it’s vital that you only take your own medications and don’t stop these without medical advice.

As well as discussing with your health professional, you can get more information on your medications from Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland on:


For some people, an episode of living with a heart condition may be short-lived. However, for most patients, it will change the way they live their life. It could also affect family and friends.

If you’re living with a heart condition, you may wish to make changes, either major or minor, to your lifestyle.

Support, care and treatment from formal health and social care services will be a crucial part of that long-term management. However, for the vast majority of the time, the patient will be managing their condition on their own, and with support from family and friends. This is self-management.

For further information, see:

Read more on Reducing the risks to your heart

Returning to work

You may have a period of cardiac rehabilitation following a diagnosis of a heart condition or heart disease before returning to work. This will depend, mainly, on the type of work you do, and the physical and mental activity required - for example, manual labour or a desk job. You may need to talk to your employer before returning to work, as well as your medical team and occupational health department, to find out what’s best for you.


If you can’t return to your job following a diagnosis of a heart condition or disease, you and your family might find it helpful to discuss any benefits and support you’re entitled to. It can be traumatic to learn you may no longer be able to do your job, and it’s important to talk about this with your family or loved ones to support your anxieties and worries.

For further information, see:


When you can drive again will depend on:

  • if you still have any symptoms
  • what treatment you’ve had
  • how well you’ve recovered

The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) provides the national medical guidelines on being fit to drive, as well as how soon you can drive after a new diagnosis or treatment of a heart condition.

Going on holiday

For most people, going on holiday following a diagnosis of heart disease poses no problems. However, you may be worried about going on holiday, travelling abroad or the cost of holiday insurance to ensure you have appropriate cover should you fall ill.

Get advice from:


Many people worry about relationships following a diagnosis of a heart condition or heart disease. It can change the way you see yourself as a person, and your place in the home or within the family, and may lead to low mood.

Relationships with partners can be very important in supporting the person who is living with heart disease, as can relationships with friends and family.

Sexual relationships

Any serious health problem can impact on your sex life. Having a heart condition is no different. For anyone who was previously sexually active, this is an important issue. Talk to your partner and health professional if you’re worried.

Many people worry that sex isn’t safe following heart disease or heart condition diagnosis. For most people, sex is safe and can be thought of as a form of exercise, in terms of exercising your heart. It’s no more stressful to the heart than other forms of moderate exercise.

If you think of sex as a physical activity, making love raises the heart rate about as much as climbing two flights of stairs. Sex, like any exercise, raises your blood pressure but only briefly. Your blood pressure falls immediately afterwards. This temporary increase in blood pressure is normal and safe.

Read more from Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland on your sex life

Having sex after a heart event (

Watch this video from British Heart Foundation, discussing sex after a heart event, from a patient’s and a cardiologist’s perspective

If your sexual relationship had deteriorated prior to the heart attack, being close to your partner and supporting them in a close and supportive way may feel more like your previous relationship and is also very important.

If there are physical problems that are causing you problems achieving your normal sex life, such as erectile dysfunction (impotence), discuss them with your health professional. It’s very important following a heart attack - or living with heart disease - that no medication is taken without medical advice.

Palliative care

As in other long-term conditions, there are some people where heart disease advances despite treatments, and a different approach to ongoing care is required. If symptoms are becoming resistant to conventional treatment, supportive and palliative care symptom control measures may be needed.

As chronic heart failure advances, your health professional may wish to talk to you and your loved ones about your ongoing wishes for your heart management and your preferred place of care. This may lead to an advanced care personalised care plan to reflect your wishes.

This requires a supportive palliative care approach to:

  • improve the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problem of life-threatening illness
  • prevent and relieve suffering
  • identify, assess and treat pain and other physical, psychosocial and spiritual issues
  • affirm life and regard dying as a normal process
  • offer a support system to help patients live as actively as possible

Find out more about palliative care.

Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland have a directory so you can find a heart support group near you.

Last updated:
19 January 2023