Ticks are small, spider-like creatures which feed on the blood of birds and mammals, including humans. They vary in size, usually between 1mm to 1cm long. They have either 6 or 8 legs.
Where ticks are found
Ticks feed off of a variety of mammals and birds, including squirrels, deer, sheep and garden birds. This means they're usually found in areas with these animals, like:
Ticks don't fly or jump but climb on to animals or humans as they brush past.
When is tick season?
Tick season is usually between March and October but it may last longer. This is because wet weather and warmer temperatures make ticks active for longer in the year.
However, ticks are something that we should think about all year round. This is because some symptoms of a tick bite, including inflammation, can take 2 to 3 months to develop.
About tick bites
Tick bites aren't usually painful and sometimes only cause a red lump to develop where you were bitten. However, in some cases they may cause:
What diseases do ticks carry?
In Scotland, the most common disease ticks transmit is Lyme disease (also known as Lyme borreliosis). They also carry other diseases but these mainly affect animals.
In other parts of the world, ticks can spread different diseases, some of which can cause serious illness in both humans and animals
Preventing tick bites
keep to footpaths and avoid long grass when out walking
wear appropriate clothing (a long-sleeved shirt and trousers tucked into your socks)
wear light-coloured fabrics that may help you spot a tick on your clothes
use insect repellent on exposed skin
check your skin for ticks
check your children's head and neck areas, including their scalp
make sure ticks are not brought home on your clothes
check that pets do not bring ticks into your home in their fur
Removing a tick bite
If you've been bitten by a tick, you should try to remove it as soon as possible to reduce the risk of getting a tick-borne infection, likeLyme disease. This is a bacterial infection that causes a pink or red circular rash to develop around the area of the bite.
If you suspect that you have a tick bite, complete our self-help guide to assess your symptoms and find out what to do next.
Using fine-toothed tweezers, gently grip the tick as close to the skin as possible.
Pull steadily away from the skin without twisting or crushing the tick.
Wash your skin with water and soap afterwards.
Apply an antiseptic cream to the skin around the bite.
Don't use a lit cigarette end, a match head or substances like alcohol or petroleum jelly to force the tick out.
Some vets and pet shops sell cheap tick removal devices. These may be useful if you often spend time in areas where there are ticks.
If the tick’s mouthparts break off in the skin and cannot be removed, these may cause local irritation but should fall out naturally in time.
What do I do next?
Keep an eye on anywhere you've been bitten by a tick. There's no need to consult your GP if you've been bitten and have no symptoms. However, if you develop a rash or experience flu-like symptoms after being bitten, then you should see your GP.
Images of tick bite rashes
Local reaction vs rash
Tick bite rash
Complications of tick bites
A small proportion of ticks carry the bacteria that can cause Lyme disease. Being bitten doesn't mean you'll definitely be infected. However, it's important to be aware of the risk and speak to a GP if you start to feel unwell.