Knee problems can cause a range of symptoms including pain, stiffness and swelling.
In many cases, new or flare-up of long-standing knee problems should begin to settle within 6 weeks without the need to see a healthcare professional.
When to seek help
Phone 111 as soon as possible if:
- you have difficulty putting any weight at all on your sore leg
- your knee becomes immediately swollen after a twisting injury
Speak to a healthcare professional if:
- your knee locks or gives way
- you have pain that's worsening
What causes knee problems?
Knee problems are common and can be caused by injury, growth spurts or normal age-related changes.
As you get older, normal age-related changes can cause your knee problem to flare-up now and again, often for no reason.
Can this cause problems anywhere else?
You may feel some pain in your hip, or the muscles around your thigh or lower leg. This should improve as your knee problem gets better.
Keeping active is an essential part of your treatment and recovery and is the single best thing you can do for your health.
Being physically active can:
- maintain your current levels of fitness – even if you have to modify what you normally do, any activity is better than none
- keep your other muscles and joints strong and flexible
- prevent a recurrence of the problem
- help you aim for a healthy body weight
Avoid sports or heavy lifting until you have less discomfort and good movement. Remember to warm up fully before you start sporting activities.
Exercises to help with knee problems
Resting or moving?
Within the first 24 to 48 hours after your knee problem has started you should try to:
- rest your knee but avoid long spells of not moving at all
- move your knee gently for 10 to 20 seconds every hour when you are awake
After 48 hours:
- try to use your leg more - exercise really helps your knee and can relieve pain
- do whatever you normally would and stay at, or return to work - this is important and is the best way to get better
- lead with your good leg when going upstairs to reduce the strain on your knee
- lead with your problem leg when going downstairs to reduce the strain on your knee
- use a handrail (if available) when going up and downstairs
Pain medication can help to reduce the pain and help you move more comfortably, which can help your recovery.
Speak to your community pharmacist or other healthcare professional about taking medication or other methods of pain relief. It's important to take medication regularly.
More about taking painkillers
It's recommended you stay at or return to work as quickly as possible during your recovery. You don't need to be pain and symptom-free to return to work.
Help and support
If, after following the above advice, your knee problem hasn't improved within 6 weeks a referral to a physiotherapist may be of benefit.
If available in your health board area, the Musculoskeletal (MSK) Helpline can refer you to a healthcare professional if you need it.