When you’re pregnant you’ll be offered immunisations to protect your baby from infectious diseases like whooping cough and flu.
These will offer protection to your baby for the first few months of their life, until their immunisations start at 8 weeks old.
Pregnant women should have the:
- flu vaccine - at any stage in your pregnancy to get ready for flu season (October to March)
- whooping cough vaccine - from week 16 of each pregnancy
- coronavirus vaccine – at any stage in your pregnancy
Seasonal flu vaccine
Having flu while you’re pregnant can affect you more because your immune system is weakened. Flu can sometimes cause serious problems, including:
- early labour
- low birth weight
The flu vaccine's the best way to protect yourself and your baby against flu. The Royal College of Midwives recommends all pregnant women should have the free flu vaccine with every pregnancy.
- doesn’t have any live virus in it, so can’t give you flu
- is safe for you and your baby at any stage of pregnancy
More about the flu vaccine during pregnancy
Whooping cough vaccine
Whooping cough can be especially serious for babies less than a year old. It can lead to pneumonia and brain damage.
Babies who are too young for routine immunisations are at greatest risk from whooping cough.
You can help protect your baby in their first weeks by having the whooping cough vaccine while you’re pregnant. It’s best to have it as soon as you can after week 16 of your pregnancy. Having the vaccine after 32 weeks won’t give your baby the same level of protection.
Talk to your midwife or GP for more information and where to get immunisations in your area.
More about the whooping cough vaccine
The coronavirus vaccine is recommended in pregnancy. Vaccination is the best way to protect against the known risks of coronavirus in pregnancy for both women and babies. These risks include pregnant women going into intensive care, and premature birth.
You and your unborn baby cannot catch coronavirus from the vaccine.
More about the coronavirus vaccine in pregnancy
Translations and alternative formats of this information are available from Public Health Scotland.